Rabies risk worldwide: practical advice during rabies vaccine shortages

An important reminder of practical aspects of rabies prevention for health professionals and travellers

Updated: 01 December 2023
Take usual precautions

Rabies: Green Book chapter updated

Health professionals: the rabies chapter in the Green Book (Immunisation against infectious disease) has been updated

Updated: 19 June 2023

Zoonoses (diseases from animals) in travellers

A zoonotic disease is one that spreads between animals and humans and has the potential to be an increasing problem for travellers

Updated: 11 May 2023
Take usual precautions

Updated rabies post-exposure guidelines

Updated guidelines have been published

Updated: 19 January 2023

Worldwide rabies risk reminder

A reminder for travellers of the global risk of rabies

Updated: 10 January 2022


Rabies occurs in warm-blooded mammals and is transmitted to humans, most often by a bite or scratch from an infected animal, usually a dog

Updated: 25 March 2019


Rabies is transmitted to humans usually by a bite or scratch from an infected animal (usually a dog) and almost always fatal once symptoms appear

Updated: 24 July 2023
02 November 2022
France + Île-de-France

Rabies in France

On 27 October 2022, a dog was confirmed to have rabies, following testing by the Institut Pasteur in France. The origin of the dog is currently suspected to be Morocco, although investigations are ongoing. The last reported rabies case in France was in an illegally imported puppy from Morocco in February 2020.

06 July 2022
Switzerland + Büren an der Aare

Rabies in Switzerland

On 30 June 2022, the Swiss Rabies Centre detected rabies virus in a bat. In the past 40 years, only four bat rabies cases have been confirmed in Switzerland, with the last reported in 2017 in Neuchâtel.

22 April 2022
South Africa + Kwazulu-Natal
Eastern Cape

Rabies in South Africa

As of 20 April 2022, 349 canine cases and four related human deaths have been reported in 2022. The outbreaks of rabies in domestic dogs in the eThekwini Municipality, KwaZulu Natal and Nelson Mandela Bay and Buffalo City municipalities, Eastern Cape have been ongoing since 2021.

07 January 2022
USA + Idaho

Rabies in USA

Between 28 September and 3 November 2021, there were three confirmed cases of rabies (one each in Idaho, Illinois and Texas). All three cases died. All had direct contact with bats. The total number of rabies cases in 2021 was five, compared to no reported rabies cases in humans during 2020 and 2019.

22 September 2021

Rabies in Germany ex Turkey

On 20 September 2021, a confirmed rabies case was reported in an eight week old puppy brought illegally into Germany from Turkey (via Bulgaria) on 2 September 2021. The puppy died on 9 September 2021 in a veterinary clinic. All individuals who had contact with the dog have received emergency vaccinations.

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