Female genital mutilation (FGM)

Useful information and links for health professionals and travellers about Female Genital Mutilation

Key points

  • The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that more than 200 million girls and women worldwide have been affected by female genital mutilation (FGM).
  • FGM has no health benefits. It can lead to immediate health risks, as well as long-term complications to women's physical, mental and sexual health and wellbeing.
  • Children born in the UK may be at risk of FGM if they travel with their families to visit friends and relatives in countries where this practice occurs.
  • In the United Kingdon (UK) it is against the law to perform FGM or to take girls and young women living in the UK abroad for FGM.
  • UK health professionals have a legal duty to report if they discover FGM has already taken place or if a child is believed to be at risk of FGM. Failure to do this can result in disciplinary procedures through the appropriate health professional regulatory body under "Fitness to Practise" proceedings.

Resources

First published : 14 February 2024 Last updated : 14 February 2024

Explore more

Polio vaccination certificate

How to complete an International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis (ICVP) for polio

Updated: 25 January 2024

Educational events

A list of courses, conferences and study days of relevance to UK health professionals working, or wishing to work, in the field of travel medicine

Updated: 19 February 2024

The green book travel chapters

UK Health Security Agency Immunisation against infectious disease, the 'green book' travel chapter updates

Updated: 06 February 2024

'Getting to Grips...' online events and video guides

Online guides and webinar sessions for health professionals interested in travel health

Updated: 19 February 2024

Infectious diseases

Malaria

Malaria is a serious and potentially life threatening disease, transmitted to humans through the bite of infected female Anopheles spp. mosquitoes

Updated: 13 February 2024

Yellow fever

Yellow fever is caused by a virus, which circulates between infected monkeys or humans and mosquitoes

Updated: 14 January 2020

Travellers' diarrhoea

Following advice on food and water hygiene is sensible, but travellers should always be prepared to manage the symptoms of travellers' diarrhoea

Updated: 06 February 2019


Preparing for healthy travel

Insect and tick bite avoidance

Protection from insect and tick bites is essential to help prevent vector-borne diseases such as malaria, yellow fever and Zika

Updated: 09 August 2020

Travel Insurance

Travellers must declare medical conditions when taking out travel insurance to ensure they are suitably covered

Updated: 26 September 2019

Sun protection

Enjoy the sun safely - limit your sun exposure, protect your skin and eyes to avoid damage from the sun’s ultra violet rays

Updated: 24 October 2018


Special risk travel/traveller

Neurological conditions

Information on pre-travel preparation, tips to stay healthy abroad and links to useful resources for travellers with neurological diseases

Updated: 24 September 2020

Areas of humanitarian crisis

For humanitarian aid workers and those advising those travelling to areas of conflict or disaster

Updated: 05 December 2019

Kidney (renal) conditions

Travel health advice for travellers and health professionals

Updated: 28 June 2022


Clinic resources

Educational events

A list of courses, conferences and study days of relevance to UK health professionals working, or wishing to work, in the field of travel medicine

Updated: 14 March 2017

'Getting to Grips...' online events and video guides

Online guides and webinar sessions for health professionals interested in travel health

Updated: 21 January 2024

Vaccines and medicines: availability, supply, shortages and use of unlicensed medicines

Information for health professionals on availability of vaccines and use of unlicensed products

Updated: 17 October 2022

Back to Top